Indian Constitution: Parts, Schedules and Articles at a Glance

The Parts of the Indian Constitution are given below:-


Subject Matter

Articles Covered


The Union and its territory

1 to 4



5 to 11


Fundamental Rights

12 to 35


Directive Principles of State Policy

36 to 51


Fundamental Duties



The Union Government

52 to 151

Chapter I - The Executive

52 to 78

Chapter II - Parliament

79 to 122

Chapter III - Legislative Powers of President


Chapter IV - The Union Judiciary

124 to 147

Chapter V - Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

148 to 151


The State Governments

152 to 237

Chapter I - General


Chapter II - The Executive

153 to 167

Chapter III - The State Legislature

168 to 212

Chapter IV - Legislative Powers of Governor


Chapter V - The High Courts

214 to 232

Chapter VI - Subordinate Courts

233 to 237


The Union Territories

239 to 242


The Panchayats

243 to 243-O


The Municipalities

243-P to 243-ZG


The Co-operative Societies

243-ZH to 243-ZT


The Scheduled and Tribal Areas

244 to 244-A


Relations between the Union and the States

245 to 263

Chapter I - Legislative Relations

245 to 255

Chapter II - Administrative Relations

256 to 263


Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits

264 to 300-A

Chapter I - Finance

264 to 291

Chapter II - Borrowing

292 to 293

Chapter III - Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits

294 to 300

Chapter IV - Right to Property



Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India

301 to 307


Services under the Union and the States

308 to 323

Chapter I - Services

308 to 314

Chapter II - Public Service Commissions

315 to 323



323-A to 323-B



324 to 329-A


Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes

330 to 342


Official Language

343 to 351

Chapter I - Language of the Union

343 to 344

Chapter II - Regional Languages

345 to 347

Chapter III-Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and so on

348 to 349

Chapter IV-Special Directives

350 to 351


Emergency Provisions

352 to 360



361 to 367


Amendment of the Constitution



Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions

369 to 392


Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals

393 to 395

The schedules of the Indian constitution are given below:-


Subject Matter

First Schedule

1. Names of the States and their territorial jurisdiction.

2. Names of the Union Territories and their extent.

Second Schedule

Provisions relating to the emoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of:

1. The President of India

2. The Governors of States

3. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

4. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

5. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly in the states

6. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council in the states

7. The Judges of the Supreme Court

8. The Judges of the High Courts

9. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Third Schedule

Forms of Oaths or Affirmations for:

1. The Union ministers

2. The candidates for election to the Parliament

3. The members of Parliament

4. The judges of the Supreme Court

5. The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

6. The state ministers

7. The candidates for election to the state legislature

8. The members of the state legislature

9. The judges of the High Courts

Fourth Schedule

Allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and the union territories.

Fifth Schedule

Provisions relating to the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes.

Sixth Schedule

Provisions relating to the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

Seventh Schedule

Division of powers between the Union and the States in terms of List I (Union List), List II (State List) and List III (Concurrent List). Presently, the Union List contains 100 subjects (originally 97), the state list contains 61 subjects (originally 66) and the concurrent list contains 52 subjects (originally 47).

Eighth Schedule

Languages recognized by the Constitution. Originally, it had 14 languages but presently there are 22 languages. They are: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri (Dongri), Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Mathili (Maithili), Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. Sindhi was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992; and Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003.

Ninth Schedule

Acts and Regulations (originally 13 but presently 282) 19 of the state legislatures dealing with land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system and of the Parliament dealing with other matters. This schedule was added by the 1st Amendment (1951) to protect the laws included in it from judicial scrutiny on the ground of violation of fundamental rights. However, in 2007, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws included in this schedule after April 24, 1973, are now open to judicial review.

Tenth Schedule

Provisions relating to disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection. This schedule was added by the 52nd Amendment Act of 1985, also known as Anti-defection Law.

Eleventh Schedule

Specifies the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats. It has 29 matters. This schedule was added by the 73rd Amendment Act of 1992.

Twelfth Schedule

Specifies the powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities. It has 18 matters. This schedule was added by the 74th Amendment Act of 1992.

Important Acticles:

1Name and Territory of Union
3New States Formation, Alteration of Boundaries, etc.
13Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
14Equality before Law (popularly known as Right to Equality)
15Prohibition of Discrimination (on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)
16Equality in case of Public Employment
17Abolition of Untouchability
18Abolition of Titles
19Protection of Certain Rights to Freedom (popularly known as Right to Freedom)
19aFreedom of Speech & Expression
19bRight to Peaceful Assembly
19cFreedom of Association
19dRight to Move Freely through India
19eFreedom of Settlement & Residence
19f(Omitted as a fundamental right - governed by article 300A.) Right to Own Personal Property.
19gFreedom to Practice any Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business
21Right to Life and Personal Liberty
21ARight to Education
23Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labor
24Prohibition of Child Labor
25Freedom to Practice & Propagate Religion Freely
29Protection of Interests of Minorities
32Remedies to enforce Fundamental Rights including writs
44Uniform Civil Code
50Separation of Judiciary from Executive
51Promotion of International Peace and Security
51AFundamental Duties
72Powers of President to Grant Pardons, etc.
76Attorney-General of India
78Duties of Prime Minister
85Sessions of Parliament, Prorogation and Dissolution
93The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
100Voting in Houses
105Powers, Privileges etc. of Members of Parliament
106Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
108Joint Sitting of both Houses of Parliament
109-110Money Bills
112Annual Financial Budget
123President’s Power to Promulgate Ordinance while Parliament in Recess
127Appointment of ad hoc Judges in the Supreme Court
131Powe of supreme court to resolve state vs center conflict
139Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue Certain Writs
141Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All Courts
142Supreme court can pass any order necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter
148-149Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
155Appointment of Governor
161Power of Governors to Grant Pardon, etc.
165Advocate-General for the State
167Duties of Chief Minister
224Appointment of Additional & Acting Judges in High Courts
224AAppointment of Retired Judges in High Courts
226Power of High Courts to issue writs
280Finance Commission
312All-India Services
324Election Commission
335SCs and STs claim to Services and Posts
343Official Language
352National Emergency
356President’s Rule in case of Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States
360Financial Emergency
368Power of Parliament to Amend the Constitution

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