UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus

Syllabus Overview:

Paper Subject Marks
Paper – I Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice) 250
Paper – II General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society) 250
Paper – III General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations) 250
Paper – IV General Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management) 250
Paper – V General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude) 250
Paper – VI Optional Subject – Paper I 250
Paper – VII Optional Subject – Paper II 250

Syllabus Details

General Studies 1:

Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society

Indian History, Culture & Society

Topic Content Notes
Chronology
  • Important sites and civilisations
  • Indus Vally Civilisation
  • Rulers & administration structure
  • Societies over time
  • Society
  • Geography & Human evolution
  • Linguistic background
Religions in India
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Islam
  • Schools of Philosophy
  • Vedas
  • Heritages, Culture & Practices
  • Significance and effect on Indian culture
  • Schools
Visual Arts
  • Architecture
  • Scrupture
  • Pottery
  • Gupta Age
  • Ajanta & Elora
  • Paintings
  • Handicrafts
  • Seals
  • Schools
  • Stupas
  • Temples
Performing Arts
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Theatre
Historians
  • Different views about Indian history
  • Travelers
  • Philosophers
  • Invasions
Dynasties
  • Nanda
  • Maurya
  • Sangam
  • Shunga
  • Kanva
  • Kushan
  • Satavahana
  • Gupta
  • Chalukya
  • Harsha
  • Karakota
  • Gurjara-Pratihara
  • Rastrakuta
  • Pala
  • Chola
  • 2nd Chalukya
  • Pallavas
  • Delhi Sultanate
    • Slave Dynasty
    • Khalji Dynasty
    • Tugluq Dynasty
    • Sayyid Dynasty
    • Lodhi Dynasty
  • Pandyan Dynasty
  • Vijayanagara
  • Bengal Sultanate
  • Mughal
  • Suri Dynasty
  • Rulers
  • Art & Culture
  • Monuments
  • Administration structure
Modern India
(till 1947)
  • Maratha Empire
    • Rulers
    • Art & culture
    • Administration
    • Politics
  • Indian State and Society in 18th Century
  • Company Raj
    • Expension
    • Wars
    • Acts, Policies & Administration
    • Economics
    • Hegemony & Influence
  • Social Activists
    • Rammohan Roy
    • Debendranath Tagor
    • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
    • Jyotirao Phule
  • 19th Century Revolts
  • Congress (1885 - 1947)
  • Religious and social reforms
  • Legacy of national moment
  • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Freedom fighter
    • Social reformer
    • Philosphy and ideology
    • Influence on Indian Polity
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Freedom fighter
    • Ideology
    • Politician
    • Role in Indian Constitution formation
    • Achievement and Critics
India as Nation
  • India society at Independance
    • Literacy
    • Economy
    • Society
    • Communal riots & groups
  • Diplomacy
    • 1947-1991
    • 1991-2004
    • post 2004
  • Wars
    • with Pakistan
    • with China
  • Political Struggle
    • Core issues
    • Creation of new states
    • Rise of militancy
  • India as Socialist country
  • Relevance of socialism in India in modern time
  • Central Govt.
    • Nehru era
    • Lal Bahadur Shastri
    • Indra Gandhi
    • JP movement & Emergency
    • Non-congress govt.
    • Indra to Rajiv
    • Fall of virtual dynasty
    • India in crisis (1989 - 1999)
    • Atal Bihari Vajpayee
    • Manmohan Singh (2004-2014)
    • Modi era
  • Congress after independance
  • Opposition parties: an overview
  • India: pre & post LPG
  • Indian Nationalism vs Western Nationalism
  • Social Reforms over time
  • Economy
    • Planning Commision (12 five year plans)
    • NITI aayog
    • Poverty vs time
    • Literacy
    • Inequality

Links:

http://visionias.in/beta/sites/all/themes/momentum/files/how-to-prep/Syllabus.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_India

World History

Topic Content Notes
Wars
  • World War 1
  • World War 2
  • Cold War & NAM
  • Focus only on India's role
Revolutions
  • American revolution
  • France & Russian revolution
  • Industrial revolution
  • Rise of capitalisation
  • Human rights
Crisis
  • Suaz Canal
  • Korea
  • Congo
  • India's role
Indian diplomacy
  • Gulf countries
  • USA
  • USSR
  • UK
  • Other Europian countries
  • African Countries
  • China
  • Pakistan
  • Other neighbors
  • From a dependent country to soveign State
  • Mutual Interests
  • Organisations
  • Aids and military co-operation
  • India's position on international forums

Links:

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYSuG-KZy7JDX0wlA8mA3BLXMMzPHgZqA

Geography

Topic Content Notes
Geomorphology
  • Shape of earth
  • Seasons & daytime
  • Rocks
  • Earthquack
  • Volcanism
  • Landforms
Climatology
  • Atmosphere
  • Temperature
  • Pressure
  • Winds & streams
  • Fronts
  • Cyclones
  • Rainfall
  • Cloudes
Oceanology
  • Ocean floor
  • Temperature & Salinity
  • Waves & Tides
  • Currents
  • Coral Reefs
Indian geography
  • Landforms & Mountains
  • Planes
  • Rivers
  • Monsoon
  • Seasons
  • Soils
  • Forests & wetlands
  • National Parks & Biospheres
  • Crops
  • Distrubution of mineral & ores
  • Demography
World geography
  • Currents & landforms
  • Major seas
  • Important strates
  • Major regional grouping (international orgainsations)
  • Neighbors & major cities of important countries in news

Links:

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYSuG-KZy7JCX84klena_mlrY57vbigRr

General Studies 2:

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations

Topic Content Note
Constitution
  • Important facts about Constituiton Assembly
  • Sources of Constitution
  • Preamble
  • Articles of the Constitution
  • Salient features
  • Citizenship & NRI, OCI and PIO
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Directive Principles
  • Lanuages and their classifications
Polity
  • Parliamentary vs Presidential system
  • Federal vs Unitary Govt.
  • Center-State relations
    • Legislative relations
    • Administrative relations
    • Financial relations
    • Tribunals
  • Inter-State relations
    • Zonal Councils
  • Emergency vs President Rule
  • President vs Governer vs Lt. Governer
  • Vice President
  • Prime Minister vs Chief Minister
  • Council of Ministers vs Cabinet vs Kitten Cabinet
  • Speaker of Lok Sabha vs Speaker or State Legislative Assembly
  • Three level of Courts
Governance
  • Parliamentary Proceedings
    • Ruling party vs opposition
    • Ministries
    • Types and roles of Committiees
    • Constitution Amendment proceedings
  • Parliamentary Sessions
    • Ordinary Bill vs Money Bill
    • Public Bill vs Private Bill
    • Adjournment vs Prorogation vs Dissolution
    • Question hour vs Zero hour
    • Motion
      • Adjournment
      • Privilege
      • Censure
      • No Confidence
      • Calling Attention
      • Cut Motion
  • Parliament Legislative vs State legislative
  • Panchyats and Municipal Parties
  • Urban Local Govt. and Cantonment Board
  • Administration in Union Territories
  • Administration in Tribal Areas
  • UPSC & SSC
  • Finance Commission
  • Election Commission
  • Constitutional bodies vs Staturatory bodies
  • Lokpak and Lokayuktas
  • Co-operative societies
  • Benches of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT)
Social Justice
  • Seat reserve for SC & ST in Parliament & State Legislative Assemblies
  • Family Courts and Gram Nyayalayas
  • Special Provisions to States
  • Class Reservation
International Relations
  • Important International Organisations
    • BIMSTEC
    • BRICS
    • UN
    • SCO
    • SAARC
    • G-4
    • ADB
    • NAM
    • IBRD
    • IMF
  • Gulf Countries
  • Relations with China and counter measures taken
  • Relations with Pakistan
  • Act East Policy
  • Major trade partners
  • Position
  • Diplomacy
  • Interests

Links:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_India




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